The role of iron and in the body is enormous. It is part of many enzymes that accelerate the course of biochemical reactions in the body, provides the binding and release of oxygen. With a lack of iron in the body, energy reactions slow down, organs and tissues begin to experience oxygen starvation, and the so-called hypoxemic syndrome develops.

Iron enters the body with food. The amount of incoming iron will depend, of course, on its content in food, but not only. It is important how the gastrointestinal tract functions, what other substances come with food. The use of strong tea, many preservatives (and what kind of our food does without them?), A number of antibiotics, antacids (that is, substances that reduce gastric secretion or envelop mucous membranes) impede the intake of iron.

The daily need for iron is different and sometimes very significantly different. For comparison: the need for iron in a calm state in women is 1.5 mg, and during lactation increases to 3.5 mg. Anemia is most common among young women and children.

Anemia symptoms:

palpitations during physical exertion;
decreased concentration;
increased sensitivity to cold.

Sometimes there is a perversion of taste, addiction to unusual smells. The slower anemia develops, the better a person can adapt to it, and it often happens that there are no complaints, and the hemoglobin level is low.

First of all, with anemia, those organs suffer, where renewal processes are actively taking place. Hair loss, brittleness, rapid graying, changes in the shape and structure of the nails are characteristic, cracks, dryness, and peeling appear on the skin. In the gastrointestinal tract, atrophic gastritis develops, which in turn further complicates the absorption of iron. The cardiovascular system tries to compensate for hypoxia and the heart begins to intensively pump oxygen-poor blood, which is manifested by a rapid heartbeat, and in the long term, exhaustion of the heart muscle. The immune system suffers, the production of protective antibodies slows down, and a person often suffers from infectious diseases.

Diagnosis of overt anemia is simple. A blood test for hemoglobin allows you to confirm or refute the diagnosis of anemia. According to the degree of decrease in hemoglobin, the form of anemia is judged: a mild degree implies a hemoglobin level of 120 to 90 g/l, an average degree of 90 to 70 g/l, and a severe degree below 70 g/l. More difficult with latent iron deficiency. This requires determining the level of serum iron, ferritin, as well as a number of other indicators. Finding out the state of iron metabolism in the body is extremely important, since with a latent form of anemia, we do not see changes in hemoglobin, but there are manifestations in organs and tissues inherent in anemia.

The most important thing is to try to find out the cause of anemia and eliminate it. Find the source of increased blood loss, adjust the diet, cure diseases of the stomach and intestines, and so on. It is impossible to compensate for iron deficiency in the body only with the use of a diet. Of course, it is extremely important to consume foods high in iron, such as meat, liver, yolk, cocoa, almonds, apricots. But it must be borne in mind that iron is poorly absorbed from foods, in particular, only 20% of iron comes from meat, and even less – 0.2% from plant foods. Therefore, drug treatment is indispensable. Iron preparations containing folic acid, ascorbic acid, trace elements, amino acids, and so on are usually prescribed. At the same time, metabolic disorders in organs and tissues are corrected (vitamins, antioxidants, drugs that improve protein metabolism are prescribed). In each case, this problem is solved individually, taking into account the tolerability of drugs and the general state of health.