Very often on the Internet you can find tips on how to deal with baldness at home. However, these tips do not apply to the treatment of alopecia areata. Real, working treatment is possible only under the supervision of a doctor. Modern medicine has all the ways to quickly and successfully combat an illness.
You need to visit a doctor at the first sign of baldness. To establish or exclude the diagnosis of alopecia areata, a thorough medical examination and informative research are required:
- preliminary examination;
- scraping from the scalp;
- blood tests: general, biochemistry and to identify changes in hormonal levels;
- studies of the level of antibodies (enzyme immunoassay);
- hair computer diagnostics;
- microscopic examination of the hair.
The doctor will check the state of immunity, the presence of a hereditary predisposition to alopecia, the condition of the hair and hair follicles. In addition, it is necessary to exclude diseases whose symptoms are similar to alopecia areata, or those that can provoke its development: systemic lupus erythematosus, trichophytosis, psioriasis, ischemia, syphilis, etc.
Unfortunately, not every hospital is a medical organization with a trichologist. If there is no such specialist in your city, you can seek advice from a dermatologist or therapist. It is also advisable to consult a neuropsychiatrist, as well as narrowly specialized specialists.
Methods of treatment of alopecia areata are purely individual. To begin with, doctors will heal the diseases that provoke alopecia, and after that they will directly deal with your curls. The goal of drug therapy is to stop hair loss and accelerate hair growth throughout the entire bald area.
Typically, the treatment regimen includes taking:
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- corticosteroid hormones;
- vasodilator drugs;
- drugs that improve blood microcirculation;
- vitamin complexes and biostimulants.
Prescribe drugs for external use:
- lotions, tinctures, ointments, creams with heparin to improve the trophism of small vessels;
- ointments and masks that have an irritating effect – with onion juice, bodyag, tincture of red pepper, etc.;
- regenerating ointments;
- hormonal agents (glucocorticoids) – if the disease progresses rapidly.
Modern medications can cure alopecia areata and restore hair even in severe stages of the disease. Therapy can cause certain side effects (nausea, drowsiness, slight fluctuations in weight, etc.). However, despite the fact that they are unpleasant, these reactions do not pose a danger to human health and are not a reason to stop treatment.
Attention! To achieve a positive result, you need to undergo a course of treatment, which is at least three weeks. It can be increased due to the complicated course of the disease.
Good results in the treatment of alopecia areata is given by a properly selected complex of physiotherapy. Physiotherapy practically does not give side effects; it acts in a targeted manner, improving blood circulation and tissue nutrition in the affected areas. It is noticed that treatment with physiotherapeutic methods gives almost complete healing, eliminates the risk of relapse. The procedures have no age restrictions, however, the type of exposure and its duration should be selected only under the supervision of a doctor.